The protection and safety of passengers and drivers of vehicles, as well as users of public roads, is a matter of concern for the European Union. In recent years, advances in vehicle safety have contributed to an overall reduction in the number of traffic accidents. However, according to the European Union, more than 25,000 people died on European roads in 2017 and 135,000 were seriously injured, a figure that has remained constant for the last four years.
The EU tries to do everything possible to reduce or eliminate road accidents. In addition to existing safety measures to protect vehicle occupants, specific measures are needed to prevent deaths and injuries to road users such as cyclists and pedestrians. Without new initiatives on road safety in general, the current safety approach is no longer sufficient to offset the effects of increased traffic volumes. Therefore, the level of vehicle safety must continue to improve as part of a comprehensive approach to road safety, in order to strengthen the protection of road and public road users.
On November 27, 2019, the European Union launched Regulation 2019/2144 , whose objective is to " update the requirements for homologation of motor vehicles, as well as the systems, components and independent technical units dedicated to these vehicles, with regard to to your overall safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users .” In addition to safety measures to protect occupants inside the vehicle, the European Union has addressed the issue from a point of view that includes safety for people inside and outside vehicles. In this sense, it tries to ensure the safety of both passengers and drivers, as well as pedestrians and cyclists.
According to regulation 2019/2144, for a vehicle to be marketed in the European Union from the year 2022, it must include, among others, the following systems:
Looking at the schedule related to Regulation 2019/2144 we find the following key dates:
According to the previous dates, we can see how security systems will begin to be mandatory, with which the trend will be to see more and more vehicles equipped with this type of solution. We will also see how all new vehicles will incorporate them in the short term.
DSM, or Driver State Detection, is a new camera-based system for monitoring driver alertness, which not only recognizes the driver, but also checks their vigilance level. The purpose of the driver monitoring system is to alert the driver when signs of drowsiness or distraction are detected. Other applications for the system, such as driver identification and eye control functions, are also possible. These developments will contribute to increased safety and more intuitive use of the new generation of driver assistance features.
The Blind Spot Detection (BSD) system detects pedestrians, cyclists and other moving objects in real time within the areas not visible to the driver and at greatest risk of an accident, by means of infrared sensors with advanced artificial intelligence both during the day as at night The BSD system identifies pedestrians, cyclists and motorists in a risky driving situation, helping the driver to make safe decisions.
ADAS systems have become a very present element in today's vehicles. The benefits offered by the combination of radars, cameras and sensors in our vehicles translate into a drastic reduction in the number of accidents and collisions, since they help prevent distractions, involuntary lane changes or eliminate blind spots , to name a few examples.
As we can see, these systems are here to stay, in view of the different regulations that encourage their integration in vehicles. At the same time, the evolution of technology will increasingly facilitate its integration into vehicle fleets.